How To Acid Stain A Floor

The acid stained floor process, often termed as ‘colored concrete’, is one of the most popular applications to add dramatic effects to a concrete floor. The application can be viewed as an ideal alternative to carpeted or tiled floors, as it gives a depth of color to the floor by combining different colors and techniques. It actually results in uneven coloration of the concrete floors making different patterns.

Xtreme Polishing Systems brings to you a complete guide on ‘how to acid stain concrete floors’.

Taking precautionary measures:

Before starting to acid stain the floors, we remove all the baseboard and trim work to avoid damage. The wall and the exposed lower cabinets are covered with at least 12 inch masking paper.

Preparing the surface:

Floors are washed away with water to confirm they are not sealed. Grease and oil spots are removed by using sandpaper, floor sanders or chemical strippers. Acrylic patches are repaired using acrylic patches. We usually tend to avoid any uneven coloration or imperfections as they may add to exclusive finish of the floors.

Mixing the acid stain:

Acid stains are the blend of water, acid-soluble metallic salts and hydrochloric acid (the main ingredient). All the compounds penetrate into the surface and react with calcium hydroxide in the concrete to produce distinctive patterns and finish.

Applying the acid stains:

Next, we apply the stains using sprays. The spray wand is kept almost 18 inches above the ground and is used in random patterns to wet the floors. It is made sure that no puddles are generated. At least, two coats of acid sprays are applied; the second coat is applied after a gap of about an hour to let the floors dry completely after the first coat. The subsequent coats are applied until the desired color is reached.

Neutralizing the acid stains:

A mixture of water and ammonia in proportion of 4:1 is applied to neutralize the hydrochloric acid stains. We make sure to thoroughly clean the floors using water to further ensure that no acidic residue is left. The extra water is vacuumed at the end and floors are left overnight to dry.

Sealing the floors:

The next step involves using solvent based acrylic to seal the stained floors as it penetrates into the concrete. The floors are sealed to avoid everyday wear and tear and air bubbling as well as to improve the color of the stain effects. We, at Xtreme Polishing Systems, use sprayers to seal the floors to achieve nice consistent finish. This step (again) requires two coats: first with approximately 15% solid acrylic and second with 20-25% solid acrylic.

Applying floor finish wax:

This step involves adding a protective layer to the stained concrete floors so that they are easy to maintain. Either applicator or spill method is used for the purpose. It generally takes 20 to 40 minutes to dry and at least two to four coats are applied for the maximum shine.

The floors acid stained by the XPS professionals are easy to maintain and requires not more than a wash with mild detergent or an occasional waxing.

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Types Of Cement Dye That Helps Beautify Your Boring Cement Surface

Types Of Cement Dye That Helps Beautify Your Boring Cement Surface

Decorative concrete or we say colored cement is newest trends today. House owners are showing keen interest in trying new things and cement dye is the new project. For an average person, the word cement immediately evokes the idea of grey, cold, and sterile substance which is obvious however; with the changing of times the grey color has been replaced by many other which surely looks amazing beautiful when done on the surface.

The ever expanding concept of starting to challenge the concept transforming the greyish ideas into inviting decorative surfaces showing off the creative side in variety of colors.

Coloring the Cement

There are several things that plays role in making your cemented surface look beautiful. From pigment selection to water content to mixing to type of cement to color to finishing technique every bit of are the determining factors that are important and crucial to make you achieve the kind of look you desire.

Cement dye is just the starting point, there is lot more and beyond to that makes your surface look vibrant.

Different Types Of Cement Decorative Dying

Cement Stamping

This is perhaps the most popular decorative method that house owners love having. Colored natural stone and cement are picking up the trend and the concrete stamping offers completely new look to your surface than a regular one. Before the cement dries; a unique pattern in stamped gently on the colored cement hence enhancing the look which comes without stretching your pockets.

Acid Stain Look

These cement dyes are mixed with an alcohol, and a carrier and sprayed on to the cement surface. It is topped with the water based sealer that creates a dappled look, highlighting the unique characteristic of the concrete.

Water-based Stain Look

With time your surface shows the signs of pigmentation, to avoid your surface from ruining the look you can try using water based stain look which is one of the cement dye technique that lets your cement to breathe hence won’t chip away. To get dramatic effect, you can add multiple colors to the mixture and get the desired look for your surface.

 

Choosing The Color Scheming For Your Cement Surface

To evoke and illuminate your boring cement surface, you can choose various coloring options which are made available through cement dyes. There are several ways to beautify the surface such as:

Dry shake color hardeners

These dry shakes are hand broadcasted on the cementing surface of the wet concrete and colored only the top layers. Since; the color is concentrated, it tends to become more intense that usual coloring. It is said to be improving the density and the strength of the cementing surface along with enhancing it.

Surface applied colors

Here the layering of the colors gives natural looking color variants that we usually see in natural stone surfacing. The options available are:

  • Water based acrylic stain coloring
  • Tinted liquid release agents

Integral Coloring

In here, the cement dye penetrates deeply into the entire slab adding integral color pigmentation to the fresh cement surface. However, there are limited options available which are mostly pastel and earth stones. House owners prefer this one as it not only beautifies the surface but offers maximum longevity to it.

When To Use Concrete Dye vs. Concrete Stain

When To Use Concrete Dye vs. Concrete Stain

Concrete flooring is popular flooring option among businesses, warehouses, schools, hospitals, and even residential homes because it is easily maintained and durable. By simply adding a color to the concrete floor, this will help make the bland grey coloring of concrete come to life! Additionally, it is an easy step to do and will make the concrete slab look luxurious. The main question when adding coloring to concrete flooring is whether to use concrete dye or a concrete stain. Before trying either one on concrete flooring, it is important to recognize the difference, as the end results of the dye and stain are different from one another.

Out of the two choices to vamp up concrete flooring, concrete staining is a more in depth process than concrete dying. This is mainly due to the surface of the concrete needing to be cleaned thoroughly before application. The reason why concrete stains are more of a tedious process is because stains are more acid or solvent-based, which means if any grease or dust is left on the concrete, it will ruin the reaction process. The way staining works is when the acid or solvent-based stain is applied the metallic salts contained in the concrete; it will react to the calcium hydroxide, and will cause a permanent bond between the stain and concrete. To clean the floor, use water and soap to get all the grime off; when needed for deep cleaning, pressure washers are the best way to go with Xtreme Clean.

Xtreme Polishing System has the Kemiko Concrete Stain that comes in eight different colors to make concrete resemble marble or glazed stone. This product will make your floor look expensive, but at an affordable price. Kemiko Stone Tone Stain, with its special wetting agents, will chemically combine the metallic ions with the concrete’s particles to form the colored oxides.

The concrete dying process does not contain any chemical reactions like the concrete staining. The concrete dyes are easily applied, and simply penetrate the porous surface of the concrete flooring; allowing the dye to sink into the concrete thoroughly. Concrete Dyes will help the concrete flooring from peeling or flaking. Cleaning the concrete flooring is also important before beginning the dying process, but it does not need to be as intense as the staining method. The Xtreme Colorz by Xtreme Polishing Systems are fast dyes that come in 18 beautiful colors. Xtreme Colorz is a solvent soluble that will penetrate deep into the concrete.

Between concrete stains and concrete dyes, the dyes tend to have more vibrant colors than the stains. If you are looking for a more unique look for concrete flooringstaining is the best way to go because the acid stains will vary in degrees making no two floors the same. Both concrete staining and concrete dying are prone to fade in sunlight. Concrete dyes and stains can be used together to make a one of a kind design and color on concrete flooring.

The choice between concrete stains or dyes all comes down to what the finished flooring should look like whether it has unique patterns that concrete stains deliver or the vibrant color that concrete dyes produce. This has been the go to way when deciding between concrete staining or dying. Always remember that both could be used together to make a vibrantly unique coloring for concrete flooring. Check out all the concrete stains and concrete dyes available at Xtreme Polishing Systems.