Using Concrete Dyes vs. Concrete Stains

Concrete is such a popular flooring option among businesses, warehouses, schools, hospitals, and residential spaces because of its low and easy maintenance and extreme durability.

Many people really enjoy the industrial and simplistic look of polished concrete flooring. However, if you do prefer adding a little character and individuality to your floors, a concrete dye or concrete stain can be added. This is an easy step to execute and will give your concrete slab a beautiful, luminous appearance that will leave you and your guests speechless. It’s extremely important to recognize the difference between the two because each final result is different than the other. 

What Are Concrete Dyes?

Concrete dyes transmit color by penetrating concrete or other porous cementitious surfaces. Concrete dyes are nonreactive and smaller in particle size compared to concrete stains or acrylic stains which allows for easier penetration and color saturation which ultimately leaves less residue on the surface, speeding up the application process. Concrete dyes are are basically permanent when being compared to a concrete stain.

What Are Concrete Stains?

Concrete stains are a bit more complex because they are generally broken down into three different categories; film-forming, penetrating and acid stains. Film-forming stains resemble paint because it simply coats or lays over the top of the concrete surface which will give an aesthetic appearance but ultimately damages your floors over a short period of time from exposure to chemicals, traffic, weather, etc. Penetrating stains are certainly a more permanent alternative because they penetrate into the pores of the concrete which bonds the stain the the surface. Acid stains are unique simply because they do not rely on color pigments to alter the decorative appearance of concrete, whereas they react with the minerals in the concrete which generates a beautifully etched natural looking surface.

Xtreme Polishing Systems supplies a multitude of popular brand name concrete dye and concrete stain products, including Xtreme SeriesScofield Systems , Ameripolish  and Kemiko. These staining products will make your floor look expensive at an absolutely affordable cost.

Resources, Guidance and Support

Xtreme Polishing Systems supplies the industry with innovative and professional concrete polishing productsequipmentchemicals and much more. Our professionals are trained to deliver the guidance, customer service and reliable products that are fundamental when preparing and executing a concrete floor. Whether you’re a new business ownerflooring subcontractorDIYercraftsmenartistexisting business or homeowner, our exquisite product selection and extensive industry experience will assist you every step of the way, from start to finish.

The experts at Xtreme Polishing Systems understand that concrete can variate in properties depending on each situation and thus have to be treated differently. We’re here to guide you in the proper direction, so feel free to call us at (877) 958-5732 with any questions about ‘When To Use Concrete Dye vs. Concrete Stain’ or visit our website www.xtremepolishingsystems.com and browse our products today!

Advertisements

How To Acid Stain A Concrete Floor

The acid staining floor process, or often referred to as ‘colored concrete’, is one of the most popular applications to add dramatic and beautiful effects to a concrete floor. The application can be viewed as an ideal alternative to carpeted or tiled floors, as it gives a depth of color to the floor by combining different colors and techniques. It results in uneven coloration of the concrete floors creating different, natural looking patterns.

Taking Precautionary Measures:

Before starting the acid staining process on the floors, we remove all the baseboard and trim work to avoid damage. The wall and the exposed lower cabinets are covered with at least 12 inch masking paper.

Preparing The Concrete Surface:

Floors need to be washed with water to confirm that they are not sealed. Grease and oil spots are removed by using sandpaper/floor sanders, floor grinders or chemical strippers. Our experts will usually tend to avoid any uneven coloration or imperfections as they may subtract from the exclusive finish of the floor.

Mixing The Acid Stain:

Acid stains are the blend of water, acid-soluble metallic salts and hydrochloric acid (the main ingredient). All the compounds penetrate into the surface and react with calcium hydroxide in the concrete to produce distinctive patterns and finish.

Applying The Acid Stains:

Next, we apply the stains using pump sprayers. The spray wand is kept almost 18 inches above the ground and is used in random patterns to spread evenly across the floor. It is made sure that no puddles are generated. At least, two coats of acid sprays are applied; the second coat is applied after a gap of about an hour to let the floors dry completely after the first coat. The subsequent coats are applied until the desired color is reached.

Neutralizing The Acid Stains:

A mixture of water and ammonia in proportion of 4:1 is applied to neutralize the hydrochloric acid stains. We make sure to thoroughly clean the floors using water to further ensure that no acidic residue is left. The extra water is vacuumed at the end and floors are left overnight to dry.

Sealing The Floors:

The next step involves using solvent based acrylic sealer to seal the stained floors as it penetrates into the concrete. The floors are sealed to avoid everyday wear and tear and air bubbling as well as to improve the color of the stain effects. Using pump sprayers to seal the floors helps guarantee the achievement of a nice consistent finish. This step (again) requires two coats: first with approximately 15% solid acrylic and second with 20-25% solid acrylic.

Resources, Guidance and Support

Xtreme Polishing Systems supplies the industry with innovative and professional concrete polishing productsequipmentchemicals and much more. Our professionals are trained to deliver the guidance, customer service and reliable products that are fundamental when preparing and executing a concrete floor. Whether you’re a new business ownerflooring subcontractor, DIYer, craftsmen, artist, existing business or homeowner, our exquisite product selection and extensive industry experience will assist you every step of the way, from start to finish.

The experts at Xtreme Polishing Systems understand that concrete can variate in properties depending on each situation and thus have to be treated differently. We’re here to guide you in the proper direction, so feel free to call us at (877) 958-5732 with any questions about ‘How To Acid Stain A Concrete Floor’ or visit our website www.xtremepolishingsystems.com and browse our products today!