How To Acid Stain A Concrete Floor

The acid staining floor process, or often referred to as ‘colored concrete’, is one of the most popular applications to add dramatic and beautiful effects to a concrete floor. The application can be viewed as an ideal alternative to carpeted or tiled floors, as it gives a depth of color to the floor by combining different colors and techniques. It results in uneven coloration of the concrete floors creating different, natural looking patterns.

Taking precautionary measures:

Before starting the acid staining process on the floors, we remove all the baseboard and trim work to avoid damage. The wall and the exposed lower cabinets are covered with at least 12 inch masking paper.

Preparing the surface:

Floors need to be washed with water to confirm that they are not sealed. Grease and oil spots are removed by using sandpaper/floor sanders, floor grinders or chemical strippers. Our experts will usually tend to avoid any uneven coloration or imperfections as they may subtract from the exclusive finish of the floor.

Mixing the acid stain:

Acid stains are the blend of water, acid-soluble metallic salts and hydrochloric acid (the main ingredient). All the compounds penetrate into the surface and react with calcium hydroxide in the concrete to produce distinctive patterns and finish.

Applying the acid stains:

Next, we apply the stains using pump sprayers. The spray wand is kept almost 18 inches above the ground and is used in random patterns to spread evenly across the floor. It is made sure that no puddles are generated. At least, two coats of acid sprays are applied; the second coat is applied after a gap of about an hour to let the floors dry completely after the first coat. The subsequent coats are applied until the desired color is reached.

Neutralizing the acid stains:

A mixture of water and ammonia in proportion of 4:1 is applied to neutralize the hydrochloric acid stains. We make sure to thoroughly clean the floors using water to further ensure that no acidic residue is left. The extra water is vacuumed at the end and floors are left overnight to dry.

Sealing the floors:

The next step involves using solvent based acrylic sealer to seal the stained floors as it penetrates into the concrete. The floors are sealed to avoid everyday wear and tear and air bubbling as well as to improve the color of the stain effects. Using pump sprayers to seal the floors helps guarantee the achievement of a nice consistent finish. This step (again) requires two coats: first with approximately 15% solid acrylic and second with 20-25% solid acrylic.

Applying floor finish wax:

This step involves adding a protective layer to the stained concrete floors so that they are easy to maintain. Either applicator or spill method is used for the purpose. It generally takes 20 to 40 minutes to dry and at least two to four coats are applied for the maximum shine.

Our professionals at Xtreme Polishing Systems are readily available to answer any questions or assist with your inquiries, so please feel free to contact us at (877) 958-5732 or visit our website www.xtremepolishingsystems.com and shop today!

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Types Of Cement Dye That Helps Beautify Your Boring Cement Surface

Types Of Cement Dye That Helps Beautify Your Boring Cement Surface

Decorative concrete or we say colored cement is newest trends today. House owners are showing keen interest in trying new things and cement dye is the new project. For an average person, the word cement immediately evokes the idea of grey, cold, and sterile substance which is obvious however; with the changing of times the grey color has been replaced by many other which surely looks amazing beautiful when done on the surface.

The ever expanding concept of starting to challenge the concept transforming the greyish ideas into inviting decorative surfaces showing off the creative side in variety of colors.

Coloring the Cement

There are several things that plays role in making your cemented surface look beautiful. From pigment selection to water content to mixing to type of cement to color to finishing technique every bit of are the determining factors that are important and crucial to make you achieve the kind of look you desire.

Cement dye is just the starting point, there is lot more and beyond to that makes your surface look vibrant.

Different Types Of Cement Decorative Dying

Cement Stamping

This is perhaps the most popular decorative method that house owners love having. Colored natural stone and cement are picking up the trend and the concrete stamping offers completely new look to your surface than a regular one. Before the cement dries; a unique pattern in stamped gently on the colored cement hence enhancing the look which comes without stretching your pockets.

Acid Stain Look

These cement dyes are mixed with an alcohol, and a carrier and sprayed on to the cement surface. It is topped with the water based sealer that creates a dappled look, highlighting the unique characteristic of the concrete.

Water-based Stain Look

With time your surface shows the signs of pigmentation, to avoid your surface from ruining the look you can try using water based stain look which is one of the cement dye technique that lets your cement to breathe hence won’t chip away. To get dramatic effect, you can add multiple colors to the mixture and get the desired look for your surface.

 

Choosing The Color Scheming For Your Cement Surface

To evoke and illuminate your boring cement surface, you can choose various coloring options which are made available through cement dyes. There are several ways to beautify the surface such as:

Dry shake color hardeners

These dry shakes are hand broadcasted on the cementing surface of the wet concrete and colored only the top layers. Since; the color is concentrated, it tends to become more intense that usual coloring. It is said to be improving the density and the strength of the cementing surface along with enhancing it.

Surface applied colors

Here the layering of the colors gives natural looking color variants that we usually see in natural stone surfacing. The options available are:

  • Water based acrylic stain coloring
  • Tinted liquid release agents

Integral Coloring

In here, the cement dye penetrates deeply into the entire slab adding integral color pigmentation to the fresh cement surface. However, there are limited options available which are mostly pastel and earth stones. House owners prefer this one as it not only beautifies the surface but offers maximum longevity to it.

Our professionals at Xtreme Polishing Systems are readily available to answer any questions or assist with your inquiries, so please feel free to contact us at (877) 958-5732 or visit our website www.xtremepolishingsystems.com and shop today!